Tooth decay occurs when plaque — that sticky film of bacteria that accumulates on teeth — breaks down sugars in food. The bacteria produce damaging acids that dissolve the hard enamel surfaces of teeth. If the damage is not stopped or treated, the bacteria can penetrate through the enamel and cause tooth decay (also called cavities or caries). Cavities weaken teeth and can lead to pain and tooth loss.
We recommend fluoride treatment for your child once a year, or as needed, during their regularly scheduled dental exam and cleaning. The fluoride comes in the form of a foam or gel, place in trays over the teeth. This treatment strengthens the mineral component of the teeth, making them stronger and less susceptible to acid and cavities.